When the USS Hawkbill Visited the North Pole
Here’s what is printed on a poster in Arco, Idaho near a memorial of the USS Hawkbill:
The USS Hawkbill made history in May 1986 when she surfaced at the North Pole with two other submarines (USS Archerfish and USS Ray).
SCICEX was a 5 year program (1995-1999) in which the Navy made available Sturgeon class nuclear powered, attack submarines for unclassified science cruises to the Arctic Ocean. Beginning with a test cruise in 1993, civilian scientists together with Navy personnel collected a variety of information on the geology, physics, chemistry and biology of this critical region. The unmatched mobility of submarines in ice-covered oceans allowed data to be collected from over 100,000 miles of ship track in the Arctic providing samples from some regions that had never before been visited.
Here’s a link to a website that discusses how a memorial to the USS Hawkbill was set up in Arco, Idaho: